les Mousquetons (Carbines):
Although initially intended for the artillery, by 1915 carbines would be also be distributed to the infantry, including sappers, machine-gunners, alpine chasseurs, the engineers and the 37 mm crews. By 1918, they were also being distributed to hand grenadiers.
Berthier (Artillery Carbine) model 1892 (3-round clip)
Berthier model 1892/16 (5-round clip)
Artillery Carbine model 1892 (8 mm)
Initially intended for the artillery, the model 1892 carbine would later be distributed to the infantry, including sappers, machine-gunners, alpine chasseurs and the engineers.
Basic stats:Length: 37.2 in.
Length with bayonet: 53 in.
Length of barrel: 16.5 in.
Weight empty: 6.8 lbs.
Weight loaded: 7 lbs.
Weight loaded, with bayonet: 8 lbs.
Class: single-shot, bolt-action
Caliber: 8 mm
Magazine: 3-shot stripper clip
Magazine capacity: 3 rounds
Primary ammunition used: model 1886 'D bullet' (bullet: 12.8 gm, brass-tipped steel, 3 gm charge of powder)
Muzzle velocity: 'M bullet', 570 m/s (1,870 f/s); 'D bullet', 637 m/s (2,090 f/s)
Initial energy: 225 kg/m (495 lbs/m)
*There were several variants of the model 1892 carbine, owing to the multiple modifications it underwent. The first was in 1898 with the adoption of the 'D bullet' which necessitated a change in the rear sight. In 1902 the half-cock safety trigger was suppressed; in 1909 a recoil tenon under the bolt-box was added; and in 1913 a quillon (bayonet catcher) is added to the embouchoir (top barrel ring). Additional modifications would take place in the inter-war years, including the suppression of the rifle cleaning rod and a reinforced firing chamber. The variant pictured above is a model 1892/32, explaining the absence of the cleaning rod.
Average rate of fire: 20-25 shots per min.
Practical range: 200 m (656 ft) with rear sight or non-sighted firing
Maximum effective range: 2,000 m (6,562 ft)
Penetration: 50 cm (20 in.) of earth and 40 cm (16 in.) of sapling at 400 m with 'D bullet'
General Characteristics:Sights: model 'D bullet': (Ladder) tiered rear sight (adjustable to 200-1000 m) and vertical sight w/ sliding level (adjustable to 1200-2400 m); rectangular front sight
Safety: half-cock trigger (until 1902 when it was suppressed)
Bayonet: model 1892 sabre-bayonet
Added firepower: None
Stamps: on the bolt-box (manufacturer and model), on the barrel (serial number, year of make)
Finishing: entirely bronzed save the bolt and butt plate
Arms manufacturers: Châtellerault, St.-Etienne, Tulle
Examples available in 1914:
Total examples produced: 890,459 from 1893 to 1918
Period of use: 1893 to 1985
The first variant model 1892 (without any modifications).
Detail of the bolt-box.
Diagram of the feeding mechanism for the model 1892, with the bolt open and a full stipper-clip in place ('M bullet').
Detail showing the rifle cleaning rod in its housing.
Detail of the embouchoir without quillon.
Detail of the embouchoir with bent quillon.
Detail of the embouchoir with straight quillon.
The model 1892 with the model 1892 sabre-bayonet fixed.